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School Bus Safety
School Buses

School Bus Safety

Twenty-three million students nationwide ride a school bus to and from school each day.
Wherever you live, the familiar yellow school bus is one of the most
common motor vehicles on the road.
It is also the safest.

School buses manufactured after January 1, 1977 must meet more federal
motor vehicle safety standards than any other type of motor vehicle.
In fact, school buses are sixty times safer than passenger cars, light trucks, or vans,
according to the Fatality Analysis Reporting System at the U.S. Department of Transportation.

School buses are the safest form of highway transportation.
The most dangerous part of the school bus ride is getting on and off the school bus.
Pedestrian fatalities (while loading and unloading school buses) account for approximately
three times as many school bus-related fatalities, when compared to school bus occupant fatalities.

Danger Zone

The “Danger Zone” is the area on all sides of the bus where children
are in the most danger of not being seen by the driver
Ten feet in front of the bus where the driver may be too high to see a child,
ten feet on either side of the bus where a child may be in the driver’s blind spot,
and the area behind the school bus.

Half of the pedestrian fatalities in school bus-related crashes are
children between 5 and 7 years old.

School bus loading

 Higher Risk: Young Children

Young children are most likely to be struck because they:
  • Hurry to get on and off the bus
  • Act before they think and have little experience with traffic
  • Assume motorists will see them and will wait for them to cross the street
  • Don’t always stay within the bus driver’s sight 


Students who ride a school bus should always:

  • Arrive at the bus stop five minutes early.
  • Stand at least 5 giant steps (10 feet) away from the edge of the road.
  • Wait until the bus stops, the door opens, and the driver says it’s okay
    before stepping onto the bus.
  • Be careful that clothing with drawstrings and book bags with straps or dangling objects 
    do not get caught in the handrail or door when exiting the bus.
  • Walk in front of the bus; never walk behind the bus. 
  • Walk on the sidewalk or along the side of the road to a point at least 
    ten giant steps (10 feet) ahead.
  • Be sure the bus driver can see you, and you can see the bus driver. 
  • Stop at the edge of the bus and look left-right-left before crossing.
  • Tell the bus driver if you drop something beside the bus.  Should you try to pick it up, the bus driver may not see you and drive away.

While riding the bus:

  • Always sit fully in the seat and face forward.
  • DO NOT distract the driver.
  • Never stand on a moving bus.
  • Obey the driver.
  • Speak in a low voice.
  • NEVER stick anything out the window - arms, legs, head, bookbags, etc.


Be aware it is illegal in every state to pass a school bus stopped to load/unload students. 
Know and understand laws governing motorist’s driving behavior near a school bus. 

Learn the “flashing signal light system” that school bus drivers use to alert motorists
if they are going to stop to load/unload students. 

Yellow flashing lights indicate the bus is preparing to stop to load or unload children.
Motorists should slow down and prepare to stop their vehicles. 

Red flashing lights and extended stop arms indicate that the bus has stopped,
and that children are getting on or off. Motorists MUST stop their cars.
Begin moving only when the red flashing lights are turned off,
the stop arm is withdrawn and the bus begins to move.

Watch out for young people who may be thinking about getting to school,
but may not be thinking about getting there safely.

Slow Down. Watch for children walking in the street, especially if there are no
sidewalks in the neighborhood. Watch for children playing and gathering near bus stops. 

Be Alert. Children arriving late for the bus may dart into the street without looking for traffic.

 More Information

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has developed a number of publications that can help you reach children, bus drivers, parents, teachers and school administrators, and, most importantly, the motorists who share the road with school buses. These materials can be downloaded directly from NHTSA’s web page at:

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